No matter where you live, your house can be at risk for bed bug infestation. This is so because bed bugs can adapt to a wide range of temperature conditions and it can even live for as long as one year without feeding. And if you do not change or clean your bed, carpet, or sofa regularly, you will definitely end up finding some bed bugs in your home at some point. Just when you thought that insects only live in the basement, garage, or storage area, better think twice. Resolving bed bug issues or prevention of such has something to do with understanding the way of living of bed bugs. If you have queries on how to check for bed bugs, then read ahead.
When it comes about bed bug bites, we would totally freak out. Not only because of the possibility that it is there around the house, but the idea of bed bugs sneaking into the beds and mattress is just too much to bear. The worse thing about it is that while adults can still be visible to human eye, the nymphs are just too tiny and translucent to clearly and unmistakably see.
What are bed bugs?
Bed bug, otherwise known as Cimex lectularius, is a tiny, flat, oval-shaped insect that feed on blood of humans and animals. The common term, bed bug, was acquired from the insect’s preferred habitat, which is the bed or any bed-like object including the carpet and couch. Bed bugs can grow from the size of an apple seed up to four to five millimeter in size. These bed bugs, during the early days, often referred to as nymphs are translucent in color and as they grow and start to suck blood, their color turns reddish or mahogany. The female bed bug lays hundreds of eggs in its lifetime. It grows without a fully developed wing and while it cannot fly, it can move quickly on to any surface even vertical ones.
Where can you see bed bugs?
Bed bugs can be anywhere. If it is in your house, it could be because such insect has entered your home undetected through clothing or luggage. They may easily do so because their tiny flat bodies allow them to fit into even the tiniest spaces of your belongings. As compared to other insects, bed bugs do not have a nest and they settle in hiding or protected spaces. When confronted with a question on how to find bed bugs, the answer is more likely to involve exploring places or spaces where they are more likely to live. It could be any of the following:
When do bed bugs come out?
Bed bugs are not nocturnal although they usually come out at night. In broad daylight, these tiny nuisances get into the crack and cervices of objects. When the night comes, they come out to feed on the host’s blood. But this does not mean that bed bugs only attack at night. If, for example, you are taking a graveyard shift at work turning nights into days and days into nights, you still are at a similar risk of bed bug bite even when you sleep during the day. Another myth is that bed bugs do not come out when the room is brightly lit. In reality, however, people who sleep at night with lights on are not safe from bed bugs as it will not deter the bugs from biting you.
How to detect bed bugs?
There are a variety of ways on how to look for bed bugs, if there are any, in your space. Well, it all starts with a bed bug bite. In most cases, you will only learn about them living inside your home when someone from the family complains about itchiness and rashes, which are often grouped together in a line or zigzag pattern. However, experts argued that bed bug bites are poor indicators of bed bug infestation. Whether it is a bed bug bite or not, it is advised to go through the following methods on how to detect bed bugs.
- Check your sheets or beddings for some blood stains by reason of bed bugs being crushed. There may also be traces of the bug’s excrement characterized by dark spots. The fecal stain tends to be either brown or black in color as the blood has been digested and excreted already.
- Apart from blood stains, you can likewise check for skins or shells of bed bugs. Bed bugs tend to change skin regularly.
- Check the spaces where bed bugs normally hide. Some of the common hiding places for bed bugs are the mattress, box spring, headboard, bed frame, beddings, furniture, curtains, and carpets.
Bed bugs can easily multiply and their capability to adapt to extreme or wide range of atmospheric conditions makes their infestation more challenging to resolve. That is why as early as any of the symptoms or traces of bed bug shows up, it is advised to respond to it properly and with a sense of urgency. While they do no transmit disease, they can impair a family’s way of life.